E-cigarette- Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller’s advice

The American Vaping Association has given insight into another perspective about e-cigarettes. The year 2016 is a critical year for e-cigarettes as many countries are taking different methods or either promoting, regulating, or banning vaporizers. Mixed views has created a crater between people supporting and people against vaping. The article below (article title: “Iowa AG Tells the Truth About E-Cigarettes”) shows the perspective of an attorney general in Iowa regarding e-cigarettes.
“DES MOINES, IA –Iowa smokers looking to ring in 2016 by kicking the habit shouldn’t be scared away from using electronic cigarettes. That’s according to Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller, a longtime foe of the tobacco industry and Chairman of the anti-tobacco organization the Truth Campaign. In response, the American Vaping Association, a leading advocate for the benefits of vapor products such as electronic cigarettes, is applauding Miller for becoming the first AG in the country to fight back against vaping misinformation.

In a statement released last week, Miller adds his voice to a growing chorus of public health advocates and researchers who agree that vaping is far less hazardous than smoking. He cites two estimates of the relative risk of vaping — 95% and 90-98% less hazardous than smoking. “But whatever number is correct, e-cigarettes are dramatically less harmful than combustible cigarettes,” writes Miller.

E-cigarette- Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller’s advice

As Miller explains, confusion about vapor products is growing and has the capacity to harm public health. “Polling indicates that 32% of Americans believe that combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes are equally harmful,” writes Miller. “This means that as many as 13 million adult smokers believe them to be equally harmful, and are very unlikely to switch when switching may save their lives.”

Miller recognizes why many activists are so negative on vaping — a desire to keep youth from using the product — but expressed his discomfort with the strategy. “[A]dults misleading kids to get them to do what we want has always been a failed strategy.”

Miller also takes issue with “a misconception” that surrounds the debate about e-cigarette use by youth — the false idea that vaping once in a 30 day period makes someone a “regular user.” Miller advocates for looking closer at the numbers and judging both past month and habitual usage. ‘The numbers should be seen together — 13% used e-cigarettes once or more in the last 30 days; 2% have used an e-cigarette 20 or more days in the last 30 days.’” (American Vaping Association)
Incorrect information about e-cigarettes are completely undermining the potential that e-cigarettes have as an alternative to smoking. Like stated in the article, it leads people away from making the switch to vaping believing that smoking and vaping are similar. Correct information needs to be provided to the public to ensure the existence of e-cigarettes. If e-cigarettes are to be eradicated from society, it would mean than millions of smokers will lose one of the best alternatives to smoking.
By trying to promote public health by regulating and banning e-cigarettes, many are only doing the opposite. Smokers will begin to have a negative insight into e-cigarettes making them unwilling to make the switch and continue the usage of conventional cigarettes. Those who have been supporting vaping has constantly stated that though e-cigarettes may not be perfectly safe, it is still less hazardous than smoking. Would providing a safer alternative to smoking not be a good start to reduce the thousands of deaths occurring from smoking? Many seem intent on the problem of vaping but fail to mention the dire problems that arise from smoking. With a good overall view of both smoking and vaping, it is probable that majority of smokers will switch to vaping.

Researchers criticise study claiming e-cigarettes may lower chances of successfully quitting

A new US study claims that smokers who don’t use e-cigarettes are more likely to quit smoking than those who use them.
But experts have been quick to point out the numerous limitations of the study, with the conclusions being at best preliminary or at worst “grossly misleading” according to Professor Peter Hajek, Director of the Tobacco Dependence Research Unit, Queen Mary University of London.

Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, reviewed the findings of 38 e-cigarette use studies from around the world and concluded that smokers who use the “vaping” devices were 28 per cent less likely to successfully give up smoking tobacco compared to those not using e-cigarettes.

claiming e-cigarettes may lower

The contested results are in direct conflict with many of the claims made by tobacco-control scientists and advocates, as well as previous reviews that suggest e-cigarettes are safer than conventional tobacco cigarettes and may lead to cessation.

“The irony is that quitting smoking is one of the main reasons both adults and kids use e-cigarettes, but the overall effect is less, not more, quitting,” co-author Stanton Glantz said in a statement issued by the university.

“While there is no question that a puff on an e-cigarette is less dangerous than a puff on a conventional cigarette, the most dangerous thing about e-cigarettes is that they keep people smoking conventional cigarettes.”

However, Professor Linda Bauld, Cancer Research UK’s prevention champion, said: “Despite being wide-ranging the paper’s conclusions are tentative and sometimes incorrect.”

She went on to explain that the studies included in the review were too different in design to directly compare and many don’t include adequate measures of use or cessation.

Further, some of the devices they included are no longer available on the market, some relevant literature is excluded and the way some of the studies are set up means they miss the people who have succeeded in quitting using e-cigarettes.

“We should be very cautious about assuming that this review tells us that e-cigarettes don’t help smokers quit. Other evidence suggests they do – and this is particularly relevant for the UK where smoking rates have continued to decrease as e-cigarette use has increased,” she concluded.

References

Kalkhoran, S. Glantz, SA. “E-Cigarettes And Smoking Cessation In Real-World And Clinical Settings: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis”. N.p., 2016. Web. 15 Jan. 2016. DOI:10.1016/S2213-2600(15)00521-4

Source: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-us/cancer-news/news-report/2016-01-15-researchers-criticise-study-claiming-e-cigarettes-may-lower-chances-of-successfully-quitting

The American Heart Association Says Vaping Is Safer Than Smoking

The American Heart Association isn’t known for being all that into smoking. But vaping? It can get down with it, in certain cases.

The group has taken a remarkably measured stance on e-cigarettes, suggesting in a lengthy statement this weekend that the technology could help smokers quit, and refraining from outright condemning the tech, like other organizations have.

It’s something of a win for the industry, which is expected to top $5 billion in revenues this year. At every turn, health groups and politicians have taken shots at vaping and the companies who make e-liquid, suggesting that they are every bit as dangerous as cigarettes, despite there being some evidence (and the common sense-argument) that they’re leaps and bounds safer than combustibles.

Vaping Is Safer Than Smoking

The AHA had avoided making any sort of statement until now. In a 20-page policy paper, the association cites research that suggests vaping is less dangerous than smoking and suggests it can be used as a smoking cessation aid.

“E-cigarettes either do not contain or have lower levels of several tobacco-derived harmful and potentially harmful constituents compared with cigarettes and smokeless tobacco,” it states. E-cigarettes also “present an opportunity for harm reduction if smokers use them as substitutes for cigarettes.”

That’s not to say that the AHA wholeheartedly endorses the use of e-cigarettes. Like many other health organizations (and like some in the industry itself), the group suggests that e-cigs should be regulated much like tobacco products are now, and it also cites the oft-stated worry that e-cigs could “renormalize” tobacco use and serve as a gateway for children and teens to get into smoking.

Those worries were to be expected, coming from a group that has spent decades trying to get people to quit smoking. But the levelheadedness of the policy statement overall has to be seen as a win for vapers and e-cigarette companies—it would have been easy for the organization to condemn e-cigarettes outright.

Instead, the group said that more longitudinal and long-term studies on their effects are needed (an idea that few would disagree with), and that secondhand exposure to e-cig vapors is likely to be much less dangerous than exposure to tobacco smoke.

The AHA said that it supports FDA regulation of e-cigarettes, but that it doesn’t want the regulations dominated by “major US cigarette manufacturers,” who could “promote dual use to sell more conventional cigarettes” and could “steer e-cigarette users to combustible products and thereby increase rather than recreate nicotine and tobacco addiction.”

That’s not an unfounded fear, either, as big tobacco has spent millions lobbying to make the barrier to entry so high in the e-cig market that the small companies pushing innovation in the space will be smoked out.

Finally, the group suggested that e-cigarettes should be taxed enough so as to discourage children from buying them, “while retaining or increasing differentials with combustible products by increasing taxes on combustibles.” In other words: Tax smokers more, tax vapers less.

The move puts the AHA in the company of the FDA, which, earlier this year, suggested that it’s certainly not a good thing to encourage people to take up vaping—but admitted that the habit is most likely much safer than smoking.

Source: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-american-heart-association-says-vaping-is-safer-than-smoking

Scientists Accused Of Cooking The Books To Produce ‘Toxic’ E-Cigarette Study

A group of researchers may have cooked the books to show that vapor exhaled from e-cigarettes is more dangerous than it actually is.

A paper published in the Current Environmental Health Reports found that “secondhand” exposure to exhaled e-cigarette vapor is toxic because it contains particulate matter, which can pose a risk to the respiratory system.

Anti-smoking advocates, doctors and the American Vaping Association claim the report is totally bogus. According to the critics, the study found essentially no difference between the amount of particulate matter in a house with active vaping and homes that were both totally vape and smoke-free.

Scientists Accused Of Cooking The Books To Produce ‘Toxic’ E-Cigarette Study

The observational study found that the home containing tobacco smoke had levels of PM2.5 60 times greater than the homes with and without vaping. The results showed that the home with vaping measured 9.88 micrograms per cubic meter of air.
The two homes with no vaping or smoking at all recorded PM2.5 levels of 9.53 and 9.36. The house with tobacco measured PM2.5 of 572.52 per cubic meter.

Dr. Michael Siegel, Professor at the Boston University School of Public Health, wrote on Tobacco Analysis:

The truth is that exposure to the e-cigarette aerosol is no more ‘toxic’ than baseline exposure in a completely smoke-free, vape-free home. In other words, in terms of fine particulate matter exposure, secondhand vaping appears to represent no risk.

Siegel added that “it has the appearance that because the results didn’t come out the way the authors wanted it to, they misreported the conclusion to conform with what was apparently their predetermined conclusions against e-cigarettes.

“This is a fine example of severe bias by anti-tobacco researchers in the reporting of scientific results about e-cigarettes.”
Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos, a cardiologist and researcher at Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center in Athens, agrees with Siegel, observing that the conclusion of the study runs counter to the actual data shown in the report.
“Indeed, the published figure which displays the PM2.5 [particulate matter] concentration in homes clearly showed that the levels in the vaper’s and the non-smoker’s home are virtually indistinguishable, besides some very small peaks at the time of taking e-cigarette puffs,” wrote Farsalinos.
Farsalinos even went as far to label the study as a “classical and obvious example of misinterpretation of study findings.”

Source: http://dailycaller.com/2015/10/14/scientists-accused-of-cooking-the-books-to-produce-toxic-e-cigarette-study/

E-cigarettes in France

E-cigarettes are the key factor that will aid thousands of smokers to quit. This has been a popular idea that has emerged along with the popularization of e-cigarettes. Though some have refuted this argument claiming that e-cigarettes actually lead more people to smoke, a recent study done in France actually shows vaping helps people quit smoking. Reporter Guy Bentley on the Daily Caller, refers to a study done in France (article title: “Study Estimates 400,000 Smokers Quit Thanks To E-cigarettes In Just One Country). “France’s 2014 Health Barometer, using responses from 15,635 people, aimed to investigate the relationship between tobacco and e-cigarette use. The research found that just over a quarter of French people between the ages of 15 and 75 have used an e-cigarette. In total, roughly 1.5 million people are using e-cigarettes on a daily basis. The vast majority of vapers are also smokers, but 15 percent were non-smokers. Furthermore, 80 percent of vapers who smoked said they cut their cigarette consumption by an average of 8.9 per day thanks to e-cigarettes. The central reasons for using e-cigarettes were higher tobacco prices, harm reduction and desire for nicotine. The total number of ex-smokers in France who are now vaping came to 400,000” (Guy Bentley).
For some, this may be a large number and yet for others, they may argue that the number is still small. Nonetheless, is this not a start? It is important to keep in mind that this statistics is only regarding one country, France. Also, with e-cigarettes as 95% less dangerous than smoking, 400,000 French people are now exposed to a device that is significantly less hazardous than smoking.

e-cigarette-in-france

“The paper by Rutgers School of Public Health and the Schroeder Institute, used some of the latest government data and suggested e-cigarettes could be a critical ingredient in getting smokers to quit” (Guy Bentley). The study by Rutgers and the Schroeder Institute included the points that e-cigarettes do not lead people into smoking claiming that only 0.4% of the non-smoking people started vaping. Also the study shows that e-cigarettes are effective in helping people quit. ‘“the findings suggest that e-cigarettes could be used to displace much more toxic cigarettes among smokers and generate an impressive public health benefit in terms of lives saved’, said David Abrams, Schroder Institute’s executive director” (Guy Bentley, article: “Rutgers Study: E-cigarettes use is Soaring and Helping Smokers Quit”).
For some, it may just be an inconvenient truth. The fact that e-cigarettes are effective as a smoke cessation device and also that it is 95% less dangerous than smoking. Yet, there are many who are still trying to regulate and ban this device. What then would happen to the 400,000 people in France who have been able to quit through e-cigarettes? Would nicotine patches be able to provide the same feeling as that of vaping? One of the reasons that e-cigarettes have been able to be an alternative for smoking was because it creates a similar sensation. The difference is that there is no fire and that it involves no smoke. It excludes all of the thousands of chemicals, most of which are known to create cancer and has no tobacco. Yet, the users may or may not include nicotine in their e-liquid. It has been said that it is the nicotine that causes people to be addicted to smoking. E-cigarettes provide users with the nicotine while excluding the harmful chemicals. Of course, discretion is still needed as e-cigarettes must only be used as indicated by the user manual and customers should take caution to make sure that the device they are purchasing are the original products and not counterfeits. Counterfeits may malfunction and does pose a danger to the users. By carefully picking out vaporizers and by using those in the correct manner, it will be helpful in quitting smoking.

Scottish hospital board’s new perspective

Though there have been many decisions to ban e-cigarettes, some countries are realizing the potential of e-cigarettes and adopting it as a means to help people stop smoking. Freddie Dawson on Tamarind Media Limited (ECigIntelligence), writes that “the largest health board in Scotland has reversed a decision to ban e-cigarette use on hospital property. The Greater Glasgow and Clyde (GGC) National Health Service (NHS) board joins NHS Lothian as the second Scottish hospital board to permit vaping in designated areas on all health-related premises…GGC says that its decision to join NHS Lothian and reverse its ban on e-cigarette use was down to the research carried out by Public Health England that found strongly in favour of e-cigs, and is also consistent with guidance published by Health Scotland, which recommends that NHS smoking cessation services should support those choosing to quit smoking by using e-cigarettes” (Freddie Dawson, article title: “Scottish hospital board reverses vaping ban, now welcomes e-cigs).

Scottish hospital board’s new perspective

E-cigarettes continues to be a controversial issue that still has not reached a consensus. Some believe these devices to be the key in solving the problem of smoking while others believe that this will lead more people to smoking and that these devices are actually just as dangerous as that of e-cigarettes. GGC had also done more research and have found that “32% of smokers in the GGC area intended to use e-cigarettes to help them quit. A further 18% of recent ex-smokers had already used them in the past 12 months to help quit” (Freddie Dawson). More people are starting to realize the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a method to quit smoking. Many have already been able to quit with the aid of e-cigarettes and have shown health improvements from doing so.
The credible institutions such as the Public Health England and the GGC in accepting e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool may raise the awareness of these devices to other institutions. With the proper use of e-cigarettes, these devices gives the users the similar sensation of smoking while taking away thousands of chemicals that are hazardous to the body. With such as device, it makes no sense to ban this. Some even say this has become an ethical issue as by banning such devices, the result is that you are leading more people to stick with smoking, which definitely kills.
Through the GGC and the NHS Lothian, Scotland may be able to enhance their public health at least when it comes to the problem of smoking. Research has indicated that 32% of smokers are intending to use e-cigarettes, if this proves to be effective, it could lead even more to switch to vaping. More and more research is being done that shows that e-cigarettes, though they may not be 100% safe, is still a more recommendable device than that of smoking. For those who are against e-cigarettes seems to disregard the harms that smoking causes and only focuses on the possible harms from e-cigarettes. Both sides need to be explained as when they are compared, e-cigarettes are drastically less dangerous than that of conventional smoking. By showing only one side of the harms of e-cigarettes, they are misleading the public to think that e-cigarettes may be worse than that of smoking.
Countries like Scotland who have acknowledged the potential of e-cigarettes now say that the ban on e-cigarettes will not ban these devices and will use them as a smoking cessation tool. With such a plan, Scotland may look forward to a society with considerably smaller population of smokers. With the correct regulations and usage of e-cigarettes, it is probably the device that will be most effective in aiding people to quit smoking. Smokers will still be able to feel similar sensations of smoking while doing less harm to their body.